Cooperating robot or “Cobot”, is new solution in the world of automation, although it’s becoming more and more popular.
Cobots are usually robots with articulated construction, equipped with additional sensors and modified software. This design allows for safe interaction with the environment and work without additional security systems in direct proximity to people.
Programming cobot, at least in basic applications, is also simplified. Arrangement of buttons on the robot's bunch or an additionally added remote control allows to program arm movement by moving the head from point to point. Grippers in such constructions have similar systems, allowing for quick programming of the head operation at a certain point.
Cobot will work, among others, where we have to carry out the assembly procedure, complicated from the point of view of repeatability and movement. Similarly monotonous are processes in which the presence of an employee at certain stages is still indispensable.
However, cobots have some limitations, taking into consideration the safety of work with human. According to standards, the size and sometimes also the shape of the object may be a limitation, directly affecting the permissible dynamics of work, so that no serious collision or injury occurs in contact with the human body.